Lighting in the lighting industry is like a wife-like important choice is not serious consequences! (On the importance of lighting)
There is no choice of lighting fixtures in the commercial space. Your business is not good. There is no traffic. You just have to wait until it closes.
There is no choice of lighting fixtures in the dining room. Even if you do something delicious, the dishes will not be good to see.
Home bedroom space lamps do not choose well, you are waiting for infertility, infertility, impotence, premature ejaculation it.
Since lighting is so important, how did I choose it at the design stage? Although the article on choosing lamps is full of streets, I was the first to raise it to the same height as choosing a wife.
▲Light selection elements (important)
1, lighting level
2, vertical illumination
3, harmonious distribution
4, the appearance of lamps and architectural space aesthetics
7, object modeling
9, high light point
10. Visual geometric relations
11, control and dimming
There are 11 selection elements. Today, I will pick the points that individuals think are more important and share with you.
Lighting level (basic)
Select lamps according to the lighting level required for the job
(According to the choice of functional forms of space, different spaces such as catering, office, entertainment, etc., determine our requirements for selecting lamps)
Proper power profile and total power - lamp size and LPD
(pay attention to the distribution of power density and decide whether it belongs to green lighting)
Appropriate luminous flux - the basic energy required for lighting
(Lighting is not as bright as possible, according to the space function requirements, select the appropriate illumination. Unfortunately, many domestic functional space can not reach the standard, I hope to attract the attention of designers. Using illumination calculation software simulation analysis)
Appropriate light intensity - a simple increase in luminous flux is not necessarily effective, only the right light intensity can achieve the goal.
(As for the light intensity, we should pay attention to the color of the material when designing it. Sometimes there will be different brightness with the same illumination. Especially in the dark material, the simple addition of the light will not make any major changes.)
▲ horizontal + vertical illuminance
▲ horizontal + vertical
▲ strong horizontal illumination, lack of vertical illumination, see shadows ...
Vertical illuminance is the most easily overlooked by our lighting designers. It is also the most important point in shaping space and object shape.A good space and object need a horizontal illumination + a vertical illumination to describe it perfectly. This point in the museum, commercial space needs the most attention.
▲Plane level distribution
▲ false color brightness analysis
▲ indoor space brightness distribution
▲Pseudo color illumination distribution in indoor space
▲ gradient distribution
Harmonious distribution (hierarchical division)
Reasonable uniformity (illuminance or brightness)
(Different degrees of uniformity represent different languages, and the functional forms of space determine different degrees of homogeneity. Public spaces, with homogeneity around 1:2, KTV bars are almost all with large contrast uniformity. Too bright a space can not afford you The kinky, embarrassed start ......)
(Rapid transition or slow transition, which is most obvious in tunnel lighting)
Whether it is even or uneven, it is based on the analysis and positioning of the scene. Under the premise of satisfying basic functions, the designer's creativity is free. The combination of key lighting fixtures and general lighting fixtures can create rich levels, from the object to the background.
▲ Lighting and architectural style coordination
▲The perfect combination of lamps and bridge railings
▲ hidden lamps
▲ Lamps as artistic shapes into space
Appearance and space (styling and culture)
Hide as much as possible and dilute the fixture itself
(Reducing the visual impact of lamps on building appearance and space)
If it cannot hide, the fixture is a part of space
(The uniform appearance of the lamps and the building will also have a good effect, reducing the visual difference.)
Lamps can boast about themselves, and can also use the style of architectural space as their own style. In addition to form aesthetics, cultural fusion must also be considered.
(The boldness of the northern architecture, the delicateness of the southern architecture. How to use the styling of lamps to integrate)
▲The glare of the lamp itself
▲ Hide light source, reduce glare
▲ Add anti-glare masks to deliberately hide the effects of lamps on landscape roads. (At the same time, finding the position and angle can best show the shape of the old tree)
What kind of lamp type (CIE classification)?
Cut off light? Shading? It is often impossible to avoid reflection glare
Low surface brightness? Can not avoid the appearance of lamps in the field of view, to minimize the brightness of the light output surface
reflection? Reflective lighting avoids most glare, but it is prone to dull scenes
Object Modeling (Light Language)
In order to shape the object, what is the direction of the light, the angle, and the mounting position of the light fixture?
(Or with the functional space, and culture or your design ideas have a lot to do)
Strong and weak light combination to avoid the average use of light
(strong stands for white and weak stands for romance)
Sharp and soft light and shadow
(Observe the shadows of the sun and the moon, light and shadow are time-consuming)
Need shadows and eliminate shadows
(Shadows can better represent the exquisiteness of a space)
Dramatic effects and peaceful visual effects;
(Shadows reflect the designer's personality better than brighter, Japanese designers prefer to use shadows for design)
Focused lighting for shadows and general lighting for shadows
(Importance of light ratio)